1860 – 1861

1860- 1861 Isabel II Ed 51-56

Ed 51 Qty issued 2.160.648

  
Ed52 & color variation Issued 94.484.838


Ed 53 Qty. issued 576.860

  
Ed54 brown & chestnut Issued 35.521

  
Ed 55 & 56
Qty issued 803.444 & 999.374


Above are the genuine characteristics applicable to the complete series shown above.
1. Weak area, completely missing on some
2. First vertical pearl is higher than the horizontal ones.
3. The last 7 pearls are larger.
4. The second line from the bottom tends to be heavier.
5. The oblique line is far from the corner.


This series has a “secret mark”, the 3rd horizontal line can be severely broken or missing completely,

Forgeries

2c

Type I
Extremely crude
Thick uneven letters
Widely spaced background lines


Another Type I forgery showing guide lines

4c
The forgeries of the 4c are numerous, at least 13 have been identified


Very Crude


Segui Forgery
Sleepy eye look
S of CORREOS almost touched ribbon
Side frame sections uneven


Type I crude forgery
Large RE
Large white space in hair
No center line in the anchor
Background lines are wide apart


Type II very good forgery
No break in background top right
Dash in bottom right ornament
Uneven frame elements
No break in background top right


Type III
4 is tilted
CORREOS letters uneven
Large dark area in eyebrow and lower part of hair


Type IV
Short top on T
Eye wrong and deep cleft in chin
Very uneven background lines


Type V
Thick lips and deep chin cleft
Poorly shaped and uneven letters
Lots of white areas


Type VI
Short top letters and tall/thick bottom ones
Small side frame elements


Type VI used


Type VII
Large eye pupil
Tall bottom letters
Large blank areas in ribbon


Type VIII
Narrow top letters
Tall bottom O
No curl in ribbon ends


Type IX
Very short top letters
Tall awkward bottom letters
Broken background lines


Type X
Decent forgery but many minor faults


Type XI
Square O in CORREOS
Awkward bottom letters
Lots of missing background and details


Type XII
No pupil or eyebrow
Awkward bottom letters especially the C
Slanted top E


Type XIII
Barely perceptible eye
Tall uneven bottom letters
White spaces in background

12C


Type 1
Wide spaced background lines
Very awkward and uneven bottom letters
Ribbon ends are wide
Pointed chin


Type II
Thick bottom letters
Straight ribbon ends
Large pupil

19c

Very crude forgery
Thick top and bottom letters
Widely spaced background lines
Small eye


Sperati forgery
Photo-lithographic reproduction of an authentic stamp and consequently
Left line of the first top O is  thin.
1. Several breaks in the upper right ribbon shading
2. Hairs joined together
3. Broken neck line
4. Broken background line
5. Broken line in anchor
6. Break in bottom frame below TO

  
Genuine left, Sperati right.
1. Lines in banner are broken
2. Thick hair lines.
3. Missing line.
4. Break in line above the T
5. Dots in the anchor.
6. Break in frame line.

1r

Good forgery – possibly Segui
Left side of A of REAL is more sloped
First top O is large
tres-foil in crown too large


Type I
Overall very crude
Thick bottom letters
Widely spaced background lines
Large side frame line elements

2r

Segui forgery
No break in background top right
The chin line is short and unmarked
The top S is awkward
Bottom inscription has thick and slightly misaligned letters


Segui block


Type I Decent forgery
Tall top letters
Bottom letters out of alignment
Left ribbon end not curved
Extra shading lines in the ribbon


Type II Good forgery
Bottom letters are tall
Thick eyebrow
Coarse neck lines
Odd shaped top S


Type III
Heavy lines in the eye, nose and mouth
Very thin bottom letters
Thin horizontal line in right ribbon


Type IV
Poorly constructed side frames
Tall bottom letters
Many white spaces in the background


Type V decent forgery
Bottom corner elements touch the frame lines
Odd shaped top S
Nose is pointed