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Local Przedbórz stamps were issued during World War I by the municipal authorities under the authority of the Austrian military commander. During World War I, civilian mail in Przedbórz was dealt with by the Austrian military post office (Etappenpostamt) on the Konsk railway station. A local post office was set up by the Austrian army, which also provided the couriers.
Mail was franked with the Austrian occupation stamps as well as the local issues, which paid the delivery charge.
Forgeries abound which probably accounts for the relatively low prices on genuine stamps given that so few were issued.
This stamp issue is a long study. I am only including a few examples of genuine & forged stamps. More will hopefully be added.
1917 (Dec. 18) . Type 1. Litho. in sheets of 32 in two panes of 16, with 8 types in each horizontal row. Perf. 111/2. Imperfs. of each. bisects are known
Mi 1, 2 groszy carmine (shades)
Mi 2, 4 groszy light blue & a) dark blue
Proofs exist of the 2gr in red, green and of the 4gr in brown and olive.
This issue was demonetized on February 15, 1918.
1918 (Feb. 26) . Types 2 and 3. Litho. in sheets of 25. Perf. 111/2
Perfs 10 of each are rarer
Mi 3, 2 grosze grey-green on greenish
Mi 4, 4 grosze claret on rose
Mi 5, 6 groszy blue on greenish
Mi 6, 10 groszy red on rose
Mi 3 Type 1 forgery
Overall very little detail in buildings
Yellow green color
1. Note where frames end
2. Words slope down from left to right, Z bottom slopes up
3. Left 2 higher
4. Left leg of M shorter
Mi 4 Genuine Type 3
1. Line under the foot of R
2. A dot between Z & E
3. Broken corner frame line
4. The complete wording is pushed to the right compared to Type 1 & 2
5. The outer frame line sticks out, the inner one has a space at the bottom
Mi 5 Type 1 Forgery
1. Dot looks like an apostrophe
2. Many breaks in the line
3. Thick letters, some touch the frame
4. No shading in buildings
5. 2 dots below the M
6. Tree is a crescent
7. Odd mark probably not consistent
1918 (Mar. 15) Types 4 & 5, Litho. in sheets of 25. 3 transfer types. Perf. 10, imperf of each.
Mi 7, 2 grosze green
Mi 8, 4 groszy red
Mi 9, 6 groszy violet
Mi 10, 10 groszy blue
Genuine Mi 9 Type III
1. Left frame line sticks out (Type III trait)
2. Thin broken faint line under the IA
3. Lines meet up perfectly (Type III trait, Types I & 2 do not)
4. Frame line is broken (Type III trait)
5. The ray between the DA is broken
Mi 9 Type 2 Forgery
1. Top letters are larger than genuine
2. Large break in frame
3. Lower letters are thinner than genuine
4. Bottom frame is offset
5. Heavier dots and dashes, overall the image is more dense than the original
1918 (March 27) as types 4 & 5 but currency changed to halerzy. Litho. in sheets of 30. 2 transfer types, perf 10. Imperfs. of each.
Mi 11, 5 halerzy red
Mi 12, 10 halerzy light green
Mi 13, 15 halerzy blue
Mi 14, 20 halerzy violet
1918 (July 27). Same types but rays removed in the 5, 10, 15 halerzy and RADA MIEJSKA is slightly smaller. Litho. in sheets of 60. Perf. 111/2. also a) Perf. 10. Imperfs of each.
Mi 15, 5 halerzy red
Mi 16, 10 halerzy green (shades)
Mi 17, 15 halerzy dark blue
Mi 18, 20 halerzy violet This stamp has a large dot under the A of MIEJSKA which is absent in the March 27, 20 halerzy.
Mi 16 Genuine
1. There is a dot above the I and a hook on the right side
2. There are breaks in the thin arc
3. Not sure if this dot is a plate variety
4. Line is complete but ends above the tree
5. Flat bottom 0, plate flaw?
6. This spot seems fairly consistent
7. The R leans away from the frame line.
This is one of the more common type cancels used in 1918 on.
Genuine cancels are 31½ mm diameter; forgeries are 30½ mm.
There are probably variations in the genuine cancels so other than size I have no other information.
Fake cancels can appear on both genuine and forged stamps.
Covers with genuine stamps
Billig’s specialized catalogues Vol 6 1945
Schroeder, Arthur, Forgeries of the Polish Locals, 1954
Stiedl, Otto, Falschungen der polnischen Stadtpostmakren von Przedbórz 1913
Fischer Polska Katalogue, 2010
Bojanowicz, The Kingdom of Poland, 1979
Dr. Kronenburg exhibit, Polonus Philatelic Society
Various auction sites