1852

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1852 Issues
The 1852 issue consists of five values. The picture was engraved by D. Bartolomé Coromina and printed in typography. The plates are composed of 170 stamps.
Quantities issued;
6 cuartos, 11,252,886.
12 cuartos, 145,014.
2 reales, 3,394.
5 reales, 79,484.
6 reales, 21,665.

Characteristics of the genuine stamps

1. 2 shading lines in the eyelid and a dark spot in the left corner
2. 4 shading lines of progressive length
3. This white shading streak appears to be consistent in all the values
4. Unshaded area
5. Note the shading lines in the ribbon  from left to right 3, 3 and 4 (at an angle)
6. The top of the 5 has a pronounced curve and points up
7. The O is slightly tilted to the left
8. Note the end of the ribbon, it has a double layer seldom copied properly in forgeries
9. Spoon shaped design and a line dash in adjoining shapes
10. Small cleft in chin


The R in the higher values appears to have a generally consistent short right leg

Genuine 6c
The stamps are sometimes classified into 4 groups depending on the presence, absence or size of the dots after the letters.

   
Group A  and Group D, no dot after CORREOS, small dot under the CS
Note also the various shades

Forgery comparisons 6c – genuine left


Bobes forgery in black
Printed by lithography on thin gray paper. It is known in all colors of the authentic series.
1 Higher inscription with  large letters and figures.
2 The eye looks up.
3 The end of the  ribbon is oval shape and pointed
4 Lower letter “S” and the number “5” are shaped oddly.


Fournier forgery
Printed by lithography on thick or thin white paper.
1 Inscription “6” larger than the rest.
2 Large white space in the back area of the hair band
3 The end of the ribbon is square and not rounded.
5 The figure “1” is offset upwards


Fournier Block


Segui forgery
Printed by typography on thick or thin yellowish paper.
1 The four lines inside the band that crowns the head are short on the left side.
2 Absence of shading on the eyelid. ,
3 The tip of the ribbon is small
4 The right side of the N is taller


Forgery Type I
Printed by lithography on thick white paper.
Overall very crude with a stern appearance
1 The end of the ribbon is very long
2 “FRANCO” is almost attached to the frame.
3 The “5” has a pronounced upwards curve.
4 In CORREOS “RE” is bigger than the rest.
5 The eyebrow touches the forehead.

Forgery comparisons 12c – genuine left


Bobes forgery in orange
Printed by lithography on thin gray paper. It is known in all colors of the authentic series.
1 Higher inscription with  large letters and figures.
2 The eye looks up.
3 The end of the  ribbon is oval shape and pointed
4 Lower letter “S” and the number “5” are shaped oddly.
5 The bottom curve of the top C is angled sharply


Fournier forgery
Printed by lithography on thick or thin white paper.
1 Inscription “12 Cs” is larger than the rest.
2 Large white space in the back area of the hair band
3 The end of the ribbon is square and not rounded.
5 The figure “1” is offset upwards


Segui forgery
Printed by typography on thick yellowish paper.
1 The four lines inside the band that crowns the head are short on the left side.
2 Absence of shading on the eyelid. ,
3 The tip of the ribbon is small and only has one layer


Sperati forgery
Reproduced from an original by photographic methods
1 Notch in the ‘O’ of FRANCO.
3 Break in the rear base of the band that crowns the head.
3 White notch in the frame, on the middle right.
4 Break in the base of E.
5 Break in letter ‘C’ of CORREOS.


Spiro forgery
Printed by lithography on thick yellow paper.
Overall very crude
1 Letter ‘O’ of CORREOS is indexed to the right.
2 Horizontal hatching in the hair is parse and with thick strokes.
3 REOS much larger than COR in the lower inscription.
4 No point after 1852.
5 All the numerals are very different


Forgery Type I
Printed by typography on thick white paper.
Extremely crude
1 Very large upper inscription, especially the figure 2
2 Prominent nose.
3 The ribbon is distorted
4  Very large lower inscription and absence of the end point.

Forgery comparisons 2r – genuine left


Bobes forgery in lilac
Printed by lithography on thin gray paper.
1 The top inscription has large letters and figures.
2 The eye looks up.
3 The end of the  ribbon is oval shape and pointed
4 Lower letter “S” and the number “5” are shaped oddly.
5 The “O” of CORREOS is low


Fournier forgery
Printed by lithography on thick or thin white paper.
1 The number ‘2″ is larger than the rest.
2 Large white space in the back area of the hair band
3 The end of the ribbon is square and not rounded.
5 The figure “1” is offset upwards
6 Missing the dot under “DO”.


Segui forgery
Printed by typography on thick yellowish paper.
1 The four lines inside the band that crowns the head are short on the left side.
2 Absence of shading on the eyelid. ,
3 The tip of the ribbon is small and only has one layer


Sperati forgery Type V
Photographic copy of an original
1 Letter ‘C’ on top is open below.
2 Small break on top of ‘R’.
3 Protuberance in the upper right corner.
4 Small bulge in the right curve in the upper right adornment.
5 The curved white line of the throat is attached to the neck.
6 Letter ‘E’ on top is broken in its base.
7 Two white dots to the left of ‘C’.

There are other Sperati forgeries that can be identified by the following
Note that these are from photographic copies of originals. Issues are not evident and require close inspection
Type I
1 Small protuberance in ‘C’.
2 Notch to the left of ‘R’.
3 Thinning under ‘R’.
4 White notch in the oval behind the bow.
5 White dot behind the bun.
6 Breaks in the bases of the central shading of the band
7 Notch in the lower frame below ‘RR’.

Type II
1. White notch on the bottom of  C
2. Thinning in the upper area of R
3. Breaks in the lower bands of the band
4. The point after 2  is slightly triangular with the vertex downwards
5. Slight thickening at the base of the figure 2
6. Break in the head of the second  R .
7. The bottom edge of the  C is irregular.

Type III
1 Notch in ‘E’.
2 Notch in ‘R’.
3 Notch in the frame over ‘R’.
4 Break to the right of the lower right decoration.
5 Small white line to the left of the first ‘O’.
6 Break in the right scroll of the lower left adornment.

Type IV
1 Absence of the baseline of ‘R’.
2 Light thickening at the base of the small ‘S’.
3 Notch in the lower frame below ‘S’.
4 Letter ‘C’ of CORREOS open at the top.
5 Two white dots in the lower left adornment between the pearl of the vertex and the double curve of the adornment.


Torres forgery
Printed by lithography on thick yellow paper.
Rather poor imitation
1 Top inscription with very large thin letters
2 The shading of the neck is short.
3 Lower inscription has connecting lines
4 Lower letters also thin and taller


Peter Winter forgery
This is a modern 1980’s forgery
1 The ribbon has a thick section and long end
2 Large curve at the right of the nostril
3 The lines below the headband are short and heavy
4 The small DO is short

Forgery comparisons 5r – genuine left


Fournier forgery
Printed by lithography on thick or thin white paper.
Also found in blue, red and lilac
1 The end of the ribbon is square and not rounded.
2 The figure “1” is offset upwards
3 Missing the dot under “DO”.


Fournier Block


Bobes forgery
Printed by lithography on thin gray paper.
1 The top inscription has tall letters and figures.
2 The eye looks up.
3 The end of the  ribbon is oval shape and pointed
4 Lower letter “S” and the number “5” are shaped oddly.
5 The “O” of CORREOS is low
6 The right foot of the R of Rs is complete


Segui forgery
Printed by typography on thick yellowish paper.
1 The four lines inside the band that crowns the head are short on the left side.
2 Absence of shading on the eyelid. ,
3 The tip of the ribbon is small and only has one layer


Spiro forgery
Printed by lithography on thick yellow paper.
Overall very crude
1 Letter ‘O’ of CORREOS is indexed to the right.
2 Horizontal hatching in the hair is parse and with thick strokes.
3 REOS much larger than COR in the lower inscription.
4 No point after 1852.
5 All the numerals are very different


Peter Winter forgery
This is a modern 1980’s forgery
1 The ribbon has a thick section and long end
2 Large curve at the right of the nostril
3 The lines below the headband are short and heavy
4 The small DO is short


Forgery Type I
Printed by lithography on medium-thin white paper
The design is badly bad although the printing of this forgery is correct.
We will see:
1 Point below DO is very low.
2 Figure “5” wide.
3 Fork shapes in corner elements are incomplete
4 The ribbon end is short and there is a heavily shaded area to the left
5 Letter “S” is large.
6 No point between CORREOS and 1852


2 main varieties of the genuine 5r

Forgery comparisons 6r – genuine left


Bobes forgery
Printed by lithography on thin gray paper.
1 The top inscription has large letters and figures.
2 The eye looks up.
3 The end of the  ribbon is oval shape and pointed
4 Lower letter “S” and the number “5” are shaped oddly.
5 The “O” of CORREOS is low

   
Bobes forgeries in other colours


Fournier forgery
Printed by lithography on thick or thin white paper.
Also found in blue, red and lilac
1 The end of the ribbon is square and not rounded.
2 The figure “1” is offset upwards
3 Missing the dot under “DO”.


Segui forgery
Printed by typography on thick yellowish paper.
1 The four lines inside the band that crowns the head are short on the left side.
2 Absence of shading on the eyelid. ,
3 The tip of the ribbon is small and only has one layer


Sperati forgery Type I
Reproduced by photographic methods. The differences with the authentic stamps are minimal.
1 The base of “T” is curved.
2 The top curve of ” 6 ” is in the shape of a hook.
3 White notch in the inner area of the right upper adornment.
4 Break in the upper line of the headband.
5 Break in the vertical part and at the beginning of the curve in the figure “5”.
6 Notch at the base of the figure “1”.
7 The small curved stripe at the base of the ribbon is longer.
8 Small white point on top of the one that exists over the first “O” of CORREOS.


Sperati forgeries Type III & IV
Refer to the 2r types above


Spiro forgery
1 The eyebrow does not touch the frontal stripe of the bandó.
2 REOS larger than COR in the lower inscription.
3 The point after 1852 is very small.
4 The 6 almost touches the frame
5 The small DO letters are inclined
6 The mouth is very thick


Torres forgery
Printed by lithography on thin gray paper.
Torres forgeries have strong postmarks due perhaps to an attempt to conceal the issues
1 Top letter “R” is very wide.
2 Central shading of the band has irregular lines.
3 Shading of the neck, with disordered dots.
4 Lower inscription, very large letters and figures


Peter Winter forgery
This is a modern 1980’s forgery
1 The ribbon has a thick section and long end
2 Large curve at the right of the nostril
3 The lines below the headband are short and heavy
4 The small DO is short

References
Introduccion al estudio y relacion de los sellos falsos postales de Espana – Francisco Graus
Michel Europe West 2012
Spain & Dependencies – Edifil.2009
Focus on Forgeries – Varro Tyler
Spain Specialized Vol.1 1850-1931 Edifil Tome 1

Catalogo dos Sellos De Espana – Antonio Duro
Seranne Guide to Forgeries
Torres Catalog 1879
Las falsificaciones del Sello Espanol – A. Monne 1965
SPAIN FORGERIES 1850 to 1925 by De Haene
FFE #7 FORGERIES SPAIN

Timbrex – H. Schloss
Forged Stamps of all Countries – Dorn
HANDBUCH DER BRIEFMARKENKUNDE HEFT 6: CARLISTISCHE POST – H. NEUES

Album Weeds – Earree
Tedesco Forgery Index
Handbok Fer Filatelister – S. Tullberg
Guia del coleccionista de sellos de Correos de España, 1850-54 – Tort
Many of the common auction sites that provided ample material