1918-23 RSFSR

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RSFSR stamps were valid for postage within Russia, Uzbekistan, Kazachstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan as well as Ukraine , Belorussia, Latvia and Lithuania.

1918, November 7
The first revolutionary issue of the postage stamps of RSFSR.
By R.Zarrinsh .. gravure by P.Xidias. Typo, white paper, vertical lozenges, varnish on face, comb perf 13.5


Original

Forgery of the 35k


Original issues, brown olive and brown


Forgery of 70k – perfs are 11 instead of 13.5


Forgery Characteristics
The most notable feature is how different the chain is in the forgery.

1921, August 10.
The first issue of the RSFSR definitive set of postage stamps.
Litho by V.Kuprijanov (1k,2k,20k), G.Reindorf (5k), A. Troitsky (25) on ordinary paper, unwatermarked.
Engraved by P.Xidias (40k) & N.Sukhih, on thick paper, watermark,  imperf.


Genuine left, Type II forgery right
Genuine is 25.1 x 30.0 mm. forgery, 24.0 x 29.0 mm.
Shades of orange

Genuine left, Type II forgery right


In the genuine the P & 6 are open but closed in the forgery


Genuine left, Type I forgery right – overprint would consequently be a fake. As can be seen by the Russian b that looks more like a 6
Genuine is 25.1 x 30.0 mm. forgery, 24.0 x 29.0 mm.
General features as in the Type II
Dull orange color


In the Type I, the serif on the 1 has very little curve.


Genuine left, forgery right.


In the genuine, the loops are open but closed in the forgery
Genuine 25.1 x 30.0 mm., forgery 24.0 x 29.0 mm.
Details, particularly in the leaves is lacking.


Genuine left, forgery right


5k forgery characteristics
Large openings in the P & 6
The tail is very curved
No crescent accent above the last letter


Forgery with fake overprint


Genuine 20k


Forgery I
The O is above the other letters
The crossbar of the Y is not slanted
Very dark area and no line in the crescent
Three lines in the sickle as in the original
No horns on the T
Thick left leg on the A


Forgery II
The O and A are above the other letters
The crossbar of the Y is not slanted
Very dark area and no line in the crescent
Two lines in the sickle
No horns on the T
The right side of the T is thicker
Thick left leg on the A


The 20k characteristics
Genuine 39 x 23.5 mm. Forgeries 37 .5 x 22.5 mm.


Genuine 40k – no information on forgeries

1921, August 25-September.
The second issue of the first definitive set of postage s tamps of RSFSR.
By V.Kuprijanov, G.Reindorf. Litho, unwatermarked, imperf.


100p Genuine left, Type I forgery right


Forgery Type I left, Genuine right.
In the genuine, the curls is pronounced and there is a horn on the 6

There is a rare postal forgery.
It is identified by the complete absence of a left vertical side to the “A” of “Pochta” and a general lack of veins in the leaves.

The above appears to fit the postal forgery

There is a 3rd 100p forgery but it is rare.
The curved serifs in the letters of RSFSR are all too thick
It is 24 X 29 mm which is smaller than the original

3rd forgery from Stiedl handbook


Genuine left, forgery right
The size of the forgery is 25 x29.5 mm,  the genuine is 25 X 29.75 mm.


Forgery Traits
Note the frame with the pearls is bent in the upper right corner.
The letters in RSFSR are shorter in the forgery.


Genuine left, forgery right
Note that the forgery is much rougher. in particular the writing in the book


In the forgery, the right 5 is slanted right


Genuine left , forgery right
Overall the forgery lacks detail and has a lot of white spots
The right PYb is different as shown below


300p forgery traits


Genuine left, forgery right
This is a very good forgery with few errors
The double frame lines are too thick and broken
The head of the hammer has all long lines
The main feature in the overlap in the  second S of RSFSR as shown below



Genuine left, forgery Type I right
The first R of RSFSR is missing the curl
The A and the scroll on the right are joined as shown below
The genuine is 24.9 x 30.0 mm, the forgery 25.5 x 30.1 mm.


Left, this is a scarce Type II postal forgery
It is easily distinguished by the lack of full lines in the head of the hammer
Right, a fake overprint on a Type I forgery

1921, November 5
The fourth anniv. of the October revolution.
By K.Goppe. Litho, ordinary white paper. unwatermarked,  Imperf.


Genuine left forgery right
All the forgeries are easily identified by the overall lack of detail particularly in the horizontal lines around the frame and background


Forgery in the wrong color


These are fantasy stamps that appear on eBay

1922, January 25.
Volga Famine Relief Issue
Surcharged “Р.С . Ф.С . Р.  Голодающим ” and пеw value оп the stamps
This is a very difficult series to authenticate and several varieties are very valuable so forgeries abound.


Genuine certified


Certified forgery


Another certified forgery
The 100 р.+ р. 100  on the right is one of the most valuable varieties.

1922, February.
The third Issue of the RSFSR first definitive set of postage stamps.
Surcharged In
black or red on the stamps

Overprints are very difficult to distinguish and best to be avoided unless the source is known and certification is available.
The following gives an overall general view of the genuine traits and stamps.


Overprints

Genuine stamps


2 typical forgeries
note the B looks like a 6, the 5 is too thick and the last 0 should be slightly higher


20p variations to help determine authenticity


1922, March.
The fourth issue of the RSFSR First definitive set of postage stamps, surcharged.


Genuine overprints


Genuine stamps


Left, a probable forgery 7 is too thick
Right, a very crude forgery

1922, March.
The first Issue of the RSFSR second definitive set of postage stamps .
Litho
I do not have much forgery details on these.




The 4 stamps above are all genuine


Forgery, rough design overall
No serifs on the T
Hammer solid color
Uneven background lines

1922, Aug. 19
Philately for children.
Black typo. overprint on the stamps of Imperial Russia 1909- 1917.
imperf. and harrow.perf  141/4 X 141/4
There are many variations of this overprint as well as forgeries.
It is beyond the scope of this article other than to provide some genuine examples.


The settings of a partial sheet that may help in identification.


Main Variations


Genuine examples


Typical forgeries
1922, November I
The second Issue of the RSFSR second definitive set of postage stamps. surcharged diagonally In black.
There are many forgeries of this value on various denomination and color stamps while there is only one genuine of the same value in various shades.


Genuine stamps in main shades


Typical forgeries


Fake on fake stamp


All fakes on forged stamps


Fake stamps probably on a fabricated cover
1922, November 3.
Help for the hungry.
By R. Zarrinsh. Litho, unwatermarked. Imperf.
On grayish and white paper


Genuine left, forgery right – lack of detail


Genuine on white paper


Genuine left, forgery right
The forgeries all lack details


Genuine left, forgery right
Note that the tree is almost invisible in the forgery


Genuine left, forgery right – lack of detail

1922, November 8.
The fifth anniversary of the October revolution.
By I. Dubassov. Typo, ordinary ppr., unwatermarked. imperf.

Genuine Issues


Forgeries

Genuine left, forgery Type I right
On the forgery;
The head is very different
The knee curves downwards more
The back ground horizontal lines are indistinct
The 5 is shaped differently
The frame line top & bottom is farther apart


Genuine left, possible forgery right
The forgery apparently is excellent but lacks a continuation of the dark shading as in the genuine

NOTE – several books describe the forgeries has having different dashes at the knee and some other minor differences such as thickness of the frame lines.
I do not think these are readily observable or necessarily correct.

1922, November 8. 
Тhе First RSFSR airmail stamp in changed colors with the additional picture of the plane.


Genuine left, forgery right
This forgery is most likely on a forged stamp given the poor quality of the background lines.
The genuine stamps without the plane are generally more expensive than the plane overprint so it is logical that forged stamps would be preferable to overprint.


This is the typical image in most catalogs on the forgeries.
Here again, I do not think this is useful in all cases.

1922, November- 1923, March.
Тhе stamps of Imperial Russia (1909-1917) surcharged in Ывсk.
Typo & Litho. Harrow Perf.. 141/4 X  143/4  and imperf.
These are very difficult to authenticate as there are so many variations.
Some catalogs provide a few clues that may be helpful


Genuine & Forgery

These are most probably genuine